Objects Database

Primus No. 210 Camping Stove

Accession Number


Object Name

Primus No. 210 Camping Stove




Hermione Cooper

Accession Date


Brief Description

Primus 210 camping stove. Fuel pump on base and removable screw for refuelling. Pot rest attached to three feet which turn out. Screw bracket on side for attaching to a bicycle.


brass, iron


18(h) x 46(circumference) cms.

Number Of Objects


Inscription Description

"PRIMUS NO 210 MADE IN SWEDEN PRI (picture of stove) MUS"


gold, dirty silver



Object Production Place



The Pressure Stove
The paraffin, (kerosene), pressure stove first appeared in 1892 when a Swede, Frans Wilhelm Lindqvist, registered his 'Sootless Kerosene Stove. The design burned Paraffin gas which was vapourised from the liquid fuel in tubes forming the burner head.
His design was so successful a company was formed to manufacture the stove and 'Primus', (Latin for 'first), appeared to the world.
The first model was the No.1 stove and the range rapidly expanded into many dozens of models aimed at different markets.
With Amundsen using a 'Primus' to reach the South Pole and Hillary taking 'Primus' stoves to climb Mount Everest the word became used by many people to describe any pressure camping stove.
In 1962 the paraffin division of Primus was sold to Optimus but continued to manufacture stoves under the name 'Primus Trading'. The Company was closed in 1972 and the range consolidated just to Optimus models.

Optimus models.
In 1966 Primus joined with one of their rivals, Sievert, and concentrated on L.P.G., (Liquified Petroleum Gas), camping stoves as well as blowlamps. In 1997 Primus re-entered the liquid fuel stove market with some excellent designs of multi-fuel stoves still available today.
We are not sure exactly where this particular stove came from, but just love the clamp that has been brazed on so it can be transported on a bike when heading off for a weekend camping - folk couldn't afford cars in those days!
Most Primus stoves have a date stamp on the tank and we see the one here is AA indicating that it was made in 1936. We've now put the stove in a nice new oxo tin.

Acquisition Date




Condition Check Date



Spectrum : UK Museum documentation standard, V.3.1 2007



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